Incarnating Proteus in Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius of Tyana
The appearance of Proteus to the mother of Apollonius of Tyana, and the subsequent references to this minor deity later in the text, carry a heavy load, almost an overload, of implications. Through Proteus the work announces its own stylistic complexity (poikilia), the versatility of its protagonist and the changeability of his metaphoric characterisation. The riskiness and uncertainty of this allusion, evoking both wisdom and slipperiness, changeability and lack of constancy, are a large part of its appeal for this deeply ambiguous text. Beyond this, Proteus provides a means of approaching two separate ideas about Apollonius’ nature, as a god incarnate and as a ’normal’ human soul undergoing a sequence of incarnations. It is also possible that the choice of Proteus is in part motivated by an allegorical understanding of this figure as representing the Platonic notion of processions of souls under the guidance of particular deities.
Graeme Miles is a lecturer in classics at the University of Tasmania. He completed a PhD at the University of Western Australia and was a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Ghent, Belgium. His research interests include Greek and Latin literature and language (especially Greek literature of the Roman Imperial period) and the Platonic tradition. He is currently, with Dirk Baltzly (University of Tasmania) and John Finamore (University of Iowa), translating Proclus’ Commentary on Plato’s Republic (forthcoming in three volumes with Cambridge University Press).